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BIAWA is a national leader in supporting best practices in prevention efforts, advocacy, and research, regarding concussion.

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a Traumatic Brain Injury, where an external force to the head that changes the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also be caused by a fall or blow to the body that causes the brain to move quickly back and forth inside the skull. Effects of a concussion are usually temporary and not life-threatening; however, their effects can be serious. Common effects can include problems with headache, concentration, memory, judgment, balance and coordination.

What is Post-Concussion Syndrome?

Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) is the persistence of concussion symptoms beyond the normal course of recovery. The majority of concussion symptoms will resolve within about two weeks, and with proper recovery, almost all dissipate within a month. In the cases where symptoms last longer than one or two months, doctors may diagnose the individual with Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS). Patients with PCS may experience concussion-like symptoms at rest or in response to too much physical or cognitive activity, often forcing them to withdraw from their usual physical, professional, and social lives.

What is Second Impact Syndrome?

Second impact syndrome (SIS) occurs when an individual returns to activity too soon after suffering an initial concussion and receives a second concussion as result. This event causes the brain to swell and the effects can be fatal. The key to preventing SIS is to minimize re-injury. For athletes or all injured persons, it is imperative they do not return to play, sports, or engage in activities that place their brain at risk for re-injury. An athlete or individual should be 100 percent symptomatic free before returning to play. It is imperative to learn the signs of concussions and follow the best practice guidelines for full recovery.

Click here for more information about “Second Impact Syndrome” from Sports MD. [Website]



Helmet Safety Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute Website

Which Helmet Should You Use for Which Activity? Website
How do you choose a helmet? This website from the Consumer Product Safety Commission has the details.

Bicycle Safety in University Place Video
University Place TV highlights the importance of always wearing a helmet when you ride your bicycle.

From the Mount Sinai School of Medicine Brain Injury Research Center, this 10 minute film discusses how it may be possible to have a brain injury and not realize it.

Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury

Learn more about brain injury treatments and watch a video

Checklist for Discharge from the Hospital

Use this checklist for discharge from the hospital from the Government of Alberta. 

The Continuum of Rehabilitation for Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury 

WebMD provides a comprehensive guide to rehabilitation, from initial services to long-term needs

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